All the MSG hiding in your food

Manufacturers add MSG (or free glutamates) to foods as an inexpensive way to impart a savoury / meaty flavour without having to actually put in any (or as much) meat or protein. To help identify this unsavoury additive, here is a comprehensive list of ingredients that contain MSG or free glutamates.

Anything with “glutamate” or “glutamic acid” in its name

Magnesium glutamate (E625, Magnesium diglutamate, Magnesium di-L-glutamate)

Monoammonium glutamate (E624, Monoammonium L-glutamate)

Monopotassium glutamate (E622)

Monosodium glutamate (E621, MSG, UNII-W81N5U6R6U) (Brand names: Aji-no-moto, Ve-tsin, Tasting Powder, Sazón, Accent)

Monosodium glutamate monohydrate (MSG monohydrate)

Monosodium L-glutamate monohydrate

Sodium glutamate monohydrate

Sodium cocoyl glutamate

Glutamic acid (E620, L-Glutamic acid, Glutamate)

Calcium glutamate (E623)

Natrium glutamate

Anything that is hydrolyzed or autolyzed

Autolyzed yeast

Autolyzed yeast extract

Autolyzed yeast protein

Autolyzed plant protein

Hydrolyzed beef stock

Hydrolyzed collagen

Hydrolyzed corn

Hydrolyzed corn gluten

Hydrolyzed corn protein concentrate

Hydrolyzed cornstarch

Hydrolyzed gelatin

Hydrolyzed guar gum

Hydrolyzed milk protein (Hydrolyzed casein)

Hydrolyzed oat flour

Hydrolyzed plant protein (HPP)

Hydrolyzed protein

Hydrolyzed soy protein

Hydrolyzed soybean

Hydrolyzed soybean oil

Hydrolyzed vegetable broth

Hydrolyzed vegetable protein (HVP)

Hydrolyzed wheat

Hydrolyzed wheat gluten

Hydrolyzed whey protein

Hydrolyzed whey protein concentrate

Hydrolyzed whey peptides

Hydrolyzed yeast (Hydrolyzed brewer’s yeast, Hydrolyzed torula)

Calcium caseinate

Sodium caseinate

Any protein isolate

Soy isolate

Soy protein isolate

Wheat protein isolate

Whey protein isolate

Protein isolate

MSG synergists and glutamate-creating enzymes

Disodium guanylate (E627, GMP)

Disodium inosinate (E631, IMP)

Disodium 5′-ribonucleotides (E635)

Glutaminase (enzyme that converts glutamine to glutamate)

Typically high in MSG or free glutamates

Ac’cent® Flavor Enhancer

Anchovy paste


Brewer’s yeast


Coconut aminos

Dashi (Seaweed stock, Kombu dashi)

Fish sauce

Fish extract

Hoisin sauce

Liquid aminos

Matured cheeses (e.g. Parmesan, Roquefort)

Meat extract

Miso (Miso paste)

Mushroom extract (Mushroom concentrate)


Nutritional yeast

Oyster sauce

Plant protein extract

Seaweed extract (Tangle extract, Kombu extract)

Shrimp paste

Soy extract (Soy sauce extract)

Soya sauce (Soy sauce)

Soybean paste (Doenjang)


Tomato concentrate

Torula yeast

Umami paste

Vegetable extract

Worcestershire sauce

Yeast extract (Vegemite, Marmite)

Yeast food

Yeast nutrient

May contain free glutamates

Carrageenan (E407)


Malt flavoring

Malt extract

Malted barley (Barley malt)

Natural beef flavoring (Beef flavor)

Natural chicken flavoring (Chicken flavor)

Natural flavoring (Natural flavor)

Natural pork flavoring (Pork flavor)

Soy protein

Soy protein concentrate

Textured protein

Textured vegetable protein (TVP)

Whey protein

Whey protein concentrate

Zinc proteinate

(The above list is based on dozens of sources. Please let me know if you notice any mistakes or omissions. Thank you!)

All the sodium hiding in your food

Manufacturers add sodium (most commonly in the form of table salt) to many kinds of food and beverage, including things we wouldn’t expect to contain salt, such as sweet-tasting products. To help identify these additives, here is a comprehensive list of sodium-containing ingredients.

Anything with “sodium” or “soda” in the name

Sodium alginate (E401)

Sodium ascorbate (E301, Sodascorbate, Monosodium ascorbate)

Sodium benzoate (E211)

Sodium bicarbonate (E500ii, Baking soda, Bicarb soda, Bicarbonate of sodium)

Sodium bisulfate (E514ii, Sodium hydrogen sulfate)

Sodium bisulfite (E222, sodium hydrogen sulfite)

Sodium carbonate (E500i)

Sodium chloride (table salt)

Sodium citrate (E331, Disodium citrate, Trisodium citrate)

Sodium diacetate (E262)

Sodium erythorbate (E316)

Sodium hydroxide (E524)

Sodium lactate (E325)

Sodium lauryl sulfate (E487, SLS)

Sodium metabisulfite (E223)

Sodium nitrate (E251)

Sodium nitrite (E250)

Sodium phosphate (E339)

Sodium propionate (E281)

Sodium saccharin (E954)

Monosodium glutamate (E621, MSG, Sodium glutamate)

Disodium guanylate (E627, GMP)

Disodium inosinate (E631, IMP)

Disodium phosphate (E339)

Trisodium phosphate (E339, TSP)

Anything with “salt” or “sel” in the name

Andean pink salt

Black salt

Celery salt

Celtic salt (Sel gris)

Curing salt

Flake salt

Flavored salts

Fleur de sel

Garlic salt

Hawaiian salt (Alaea salt)

Himalayan pink salt (Pink salt)

Kala namak salt

Kosher salt

Maldon salt

Onion salt

Pickling salt

Rock salt


Sea salt

Seasoning salt

Smoked salt

Truffle salt

Vegetable salt

Ingredients typically high in sodium

Anchovy paste

Baking powder

Bouillon cubes



Fish sauce

Lemon Pepper

Masala spice mixes

Meat extract

Oyster sauce

Soy sauce (Soya sauce)


Worcestershire sauce

Yeast extract

(The above list is based on dozens of sources. Please let me know if you notice any mistakes or omissions. Thank you!)